The release of the database opens up avenues for more analysis of the socio-demographic data. Hopefully, society can understand more the Agta and look at how research and action-research may assist them in their quest for social justice, autonomy, cultural survival, and prosperity.
On the other hand, what are the implications on privacy and human subjects rights with this publication (despite the Agta giving permission)?
Agta Demographic Database: chronicle of a hunter-gatherer community in transition
|Authors|| Headland, Janet D. |
Headland, Thomas N.
For the past half-century Thomas and Janet Headland have studied demographic change among the Agta, a hunter-gatherer population in the Philippines. Since the 1998 publication of Population Dynamics of a Philippine Rain Forest People, numerous scholars have asked for the raw data on which the Headlands based their study. Now those data are published with the full permission of the Agta people. This database consists of the records of 3,800 Agta individuals, 600 of whom are alive today. Of these, 284 are members of the San Ildefonso Agta, a subpopulation living on a peninsula separate from the larger Casiguran Agta on the mainland. Included in these records are the names, facial photographs, family histories, genealogies, and ancestors (dating back to the late nineteenth century) of today's Agta. The data are complete with every birth, marriage, divorce, death, and in- and out-migration since 1950 for the 284-member San Ildefonso Agta subpopulation.
The Agta population has vital statistics that are extreme compared to industrialized humankind. These will be of interest to anthropologists, students of human history, and demographers. Today's Agta have an infant mortality rate of 230/1000 (vs. 7/1000 in the USA), a high total fertility rate of 7.0, and a life expectancy of just 23 years (vs. 78 years in the USA). Readers may use these data to check these and other demographic parameters, as well as for testing their own hypotheses of so-called primitive populations. The Agta Demographic Database provides a keyhole glimpse into how our human ancestors may have lived and died in prehistory.
| || |
|Language|| Agta, Casiguran Dumagat [dgc] |
Ethnologue entry for Agta, Casiguran Dumagat
|Country|| Philippines |
|Subjects|| Anthropology |
|Keywords||Agta; hunter-gatherers; demographic anthropology; Negritos; demography of prehistoric populations; Casiguran; San Ildefonso|